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It's critical to our life's existence
The most critical part of our life's existence
is the clean water we drink, use and enjoy on a daily basis.
Water within a watershed is connected and recycled through a process
called the water cycle.
The water or hydrologic cycle represents
the constant movement of water from the earth's surface
infiltrating through the soil into the groundwater, resurfacing to
streams, and evaporating in the atmosphere and back again. In the
process, water becomes a force of change as it erodes and carries
various materials along with it.
Pollution can enter this water movement
at any stage of the water cycle through many routes including air
pollution, surface runoff, or groundwater contamination. In Pike
County watersheds, water pollution commonly takes the form of
sedimentation from soil erosion, septic tank leachate, lawn fertilizers
and pesticides, road salt, motor oil and other petroleum products and stormwater
runoff. Any one of these many different sources of contamination
can, by itself, be a threat to water quality within the watershed.
However, the cumulative effect of different sources of contamination,
also know as non-point source pollution, can have a much greater negative
impact on surface or groundwater (drinking water) supplies within a
Protection and prevention of water
resources prior to contamination is always less expensive than cleanup
after pollution has entered the cycle. The key to protecting water
quality begins with a basic understanding of the water cycle and a
"Water is the most critical resource issue
of our lifetime and our children's lifetime.
The health of our waters is the principal
measure of how we live on on the land"